The 4-H Wildlife Challenge covers material found within five 4-H Natural Resources projects; Wildlife & Fisheries Project,
Hunting & Wildlife project, Entomology Project, Forestry Project, and Sportfishing Project. Contestants will have the
opportunity to explore all five of these projects while preparing for the 4-H Wildlife Challenge.
Contestants will compete as individuals. New for 2020, participants will no longer form teams. Individual contestants
will compete within Intermediate or Senior age divisions. The contest consists of two activities as described below.
Each activity will be completed individually by each contestant. Each activity may cover any of the specified
information within the five 4-H Natural Resources project area resources posted. Contestants will need to take a
clipboard and several sharpened pencils to use during the contest. The contest will be conducted outdoors.
Contestants should be appropriately dressed for the weather (extremely hot and humid) and field conditions (tall
grass, brush, off the sidewalk, etc.). Contestants should take and carry a refillable water bottle to use during the
contest. A small backpack is acceptable to carry only these necessary items. No electronic devices of any kind will be
allowed to be handled at any time during the contest.
Contest Activities –
Identification: Contestants will identify animals and trees from pictures or actual specimens such as leaves,
fruit/nuts, skulls, skins, wings, specimen mounts, tracks, calls, etc. Contestants will identify wildlife habitat
concepts, wildlife habitat components, and wildlife management practices from photos or in the field examples.
Contestants will identify equipment and equipment components that may be found within any of the project
resources (i.e. – fishing equipment, shooting/hunting equipment, insect collecting equipment, wildlife habitat
management equipment, forestry equipment, etc.).
Knowledge and Skills Assessment: Contestants will answer multiple choice/yes or no/true or false questions
and perform skills found within the five project area resources. The skills could include but are not limited to
those needed for fishing, hunting, insect collection and display, firearm handling, forest evaluation, and
wildlife habitat evaluation.
Contest material will be drawn from the following resources only. Specimen used for Identification at the contest may not necessarily be pictured within the resources. Additional resources should be used to study pictures, specimens, and calls for the Identification activity. We will not ask questions directly from these additional ID resources.
- 4-H Wildlife Habitat Education Program (WHEP) Manual – http://texas4-h.tamu.edu/projects/wildlife-fisheries/; scroll down to ‘WHEP Manual’ and select appropriate document sections. Only sections (pdfs) on ‘Wildlife Management Concepts and Terms’, ‘Wildlife Species (1-4)’, and ‘Wildlife Management Practices (WMPs)’ are potential Wildlife Challenge material and should be studied.
- National 4-H Sport Fishing Program Curriculum – http://www.4-hmall.org/Category/4-hcurriculum-fishing.aspx; set of four for purchase. All information is potential contest material and should be studied.
- Texas Parks and Wildlife Department website – “Freshwater Fishes Found in Texas”. www.tpwd.state.tx.us/landwater/water/aquaticspecies/inland.phtml; Pictures and descriptions of all fish listed on this page are potential contest material and should be studied.
- Texas A&M University Department of Entomology Study Materials – https://entomology.tamu.edu/studylist_all/; Species marked with the yellow box are the only potential species for the Wildlife Challenge and should be studied by the photo identification and description of each. Click on the insect names to view photos and descriptions of each of the insects. Studying additional photos of each would be beneficial.
- Bug Hunter website – http://bughunter.tamu.edu/; the tabs titled ‘Collection’ and ‘Display’ will be the only ones used for this contest. Under the ‘Collection’ tab, ‘Collecting Equipment and Methods’ is the only link to use to reach study material. All links and information on each page are potential contest material and should be studied.
- Texas Parks and Wildlife Department website – Online Hunter Education Course Material – http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/outdoor-learning/hunter-education/online-course; Drag cursor/select from the chapter index on the left; Chapter 2 – Firearms and Ammunition, Chapter 4 – Hunting Skills, and Chapter 6 – Hunting Safety are the chapters and information with potential Wildlife Challenge material and should be studied completely. Read each page to the bottom and select “Next: …” on the right to go to the next page; each chapter ends with a quiz for a review.
- Texas 4-H Forestry Invitational Handbook – https://texas4-h.tamu.edu/projects/wildlife-fisheries/; scroll to ‘Resources’ and select the title; only sections on ‘Tree Identification’ (tree list), ‘Measuring Standing Trees’, ‘Forestry Concepts’, and ‘Glossary’ are potential Wildlife Challenge material and should be studied.
- Outdoor Annual (Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Hunting/Fishing Laws and Regulations) – https://tpwd.texas.gov/regulations/outdoor-annual/; contestant does not need to memorize information from this resource but must be familiar with the layout and be able to use it for open-book questions. Hard copies of this resource will be used during the Wildlife Challenge. A hard copy for study purposes can be accessed at any TPWD office, sporting goods stores, and from local game wardens.
Additional Resources to Use for Identification Study (optional):
- Cornell University Lab of Ornithology All About Birds Online Guide – https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/search
- Animals and Wildlife database; U.S. Department of the Interior – https://www.doi.gov/library/internet/animals
- Wildlife Field Guide; Missouri Department of Conservation – https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/search
- Larry Hysmith, Extension Program Specialist, 4-H Natural Resources Program – firstname.lastname@example.org; please feel free to contact with any questions or concerns related to the contest or resource materials; use 4-H Wildlife Challenge in the subject line of your email.